If you are a teacher needing to reference these materials to national content standards, here's a starting point.
The benchmark numbers in the table below are from the Society for Neuroscience’s Core Concepts which are themselves cross-referenced with the National Research Council’s National Science Education Standards.
|1.b.||Each neuron communicates with many other neurons to form circuits and share information.|
|1.c.||Proper nervous system function involves coordinated action of neurons in many brain regions.|
|2.a.||Sensory stimuli are converted into electrical signals.|
|2.b.||Action Potentials are electrical signals carried along neurons.|
|2.d.||Electrical signals in muscles cause contraction and movement.|
|2.g||All perceptions, thoughts, and behaviors result from combinations of signals among neurons.|
|3.b||Sensory circuits (sight, touch, hearing, smell, taste) bring information to the nervous system, whereas motor circuits send information to muscles and glands.|
|3.f.||The brain is organized to recognize sensations, initiate behaviors, and store and access memories that can last a lifetime.|
|4.c.||Some injuries harm nerve cells, but the brain often recovers from stress, damage, or disease.|
|4.d.||Continuously challenging the brain with physical and mental activity helps maintain its structure and function — “use it or lose it.”|
|7.c.||Curiosity leads us to unexpected and surprising discoveries that can benefit humanity.|
|8a.||Experiments on animals play a central role in providing insights about the human brain and in helping to make healthy lifestyle choices, prevent diseases, and find cures for disorders.|
|8.c.||Neuroscience research has formed the basis for significant progress in treating a large number of disorders.|
Additional core concepts that are cross referenced with the National Science Education Standards can be found at the Society For Neuroscience's Brain Facts.